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Egypt


Egyptis world-renowned for its distinct 7,000 year record of civilization. This has made Egypt a master and pioneer in the sciences, arts, culture, architecture, as well as in other fields of human knowledge which at the time were advanced.

Amongst all civilizations and nations, Egypt has always maintained a unique position. Historically, Egypt is universally acknowledged as the world's most ancient state with a unified societal entity within its current geographical borders.

Through this area there runs the river Nile, starting from the Great Lakes in the heart of Africa, through to Northern Sudan, where in the Ethiopian tributaries rainwater collected and flows.

Running past the cataract area south of Aswan, it calms down, flowing smooth to its mouth on the Mediterranean Sea.

Egypt-  Gift of the Nile -  has nourished the desert land and sustained one of the most ancient, continuous civilizations in the world. The country has long captured the world's imagination as the magical land of the Pharaohs and their awe-inspiring Pyramids at Giza - the only one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World left, apart from the Great Wall of China.

The population is not uniformly Muslim. Christianity continues to thrive in Egypt, and a significant minority of the country belongs to the distinctive Egyptian church whose members are known as Copts.

The country is also home to a million or so Christians of other denominations, such as the Roman Catholic Church, and the Greek and Armenian Orthodox Churches.

For many centuries Egypt was also home to a flourishing community of Jews, though most left the country after the creation of the state of Israel in 1948. Today, only a handful remain in Cairo.

Egyptis 50 feet below sea level. Some important cities, towns, and places in Egypt are Cairo (the capital), Giza, Memphis, Thebes, Alexandria, Suez Canal, Abu Simbel, Sinai Peninsula, and Rosetta. The highest point is Catharine Mountain that is 8,668 feet high. The lowest point is Qattara Depression and is 436 feet below sea level.

The Nile Delta is the only delta in Egypt and is 100 miles long and 155 miles wide. It is in the shape of a triangle. There are 5 important oases in Egypt and they are all located in the Libyan Desert. They are the Farafrah, Bahriah, Dakhla, Kharijah, and the Siwah oases.The area of Egypt is 386, 662 square miles. The distances from east to west are 770 miles and from north to south it is 675 miles.

The main cities of interest are listed below

Cairo- The capital of the country, in the North. Population nearing 20 Million citizens. Here you will find historical attractions such as the Pyramids at Giza, The Cairo Museum and the old souk - Khan Il Khalili.

Alexandria- The old capital of Egypt, named after Alexander The Great.  Situated on the most Northern shore of the country, there is a typically Mediterranean feel to this old city with a mixture of Greek and Egyptian ambiance.

Hurghada - First and main city on the Red Sea. This city boasts everything that most people could need, and a very healthy appetite for diving centres and 5 star hotels too. Everything is within 25 minute reach, and there are shops of all kinds. Hundreds of Bazaars, many electro-domestic shops and cafeterias,  line the streets.

Luxor- The old historical capital of Egypt. Here you can find the most amazing, historical, authentic and ancient of ruins in Egypt. A must for sightseeing junkies.

Aswan- treasurer of the most beautiful parts of the river Nile, offers botanical gardens, ruins and boating, from early morning till early dusk. The dam is only a few miles further South, and Abu Simble a short 3 hour ride away.

 

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